Ship Camouflage Instructions
United States Navy
Ships - 2 
Revision 2
Bureau of Ships
June 1942

General Directions for Camouflage Painting


The plates in this book are not drawn to the same scale.  In applying pattern, determine the location and size of paint areas by relation to structural points, or by proportionate measurement.

Unless otherwise indicated, all horizontal surfaces which are visible from the air shall be painted Deck Blue 20-B.  Exception: A stain of similar color has been provided for application to the flight decks of Aircraft Carriers.  Sloping surfaces, such as the forward part of gun turrets, will be seen both from the air and from the surface, and the color of these areas shall be decided on the following basis:

  1. If the system is chosen for protection against aerial observation (Measure 21); paint sloping surfaces Deck Blue 20-B.
  2. If the system is intended for protection against surface or submarine observation; paint the sloping areas with the same color used for the adjacent vertical surfaces.  Use Haze Gray for Measures 13 and 22.  Use Ocean Gray for Measure 14.

In Measures 13, 14 and 22, all pole masts and their yards, slender upper works and attached small gear shall be painted Haze Gray 5-H.

Exposed brightwork shall be painted to harmonize with the exterior of the ship.

All Glass windows shall be removed, rolled down, or covered, unless conditions are such that light reflection from their surface is unknown.  Insofar as conditions permit, similar precautions shall be used on airport lenses.

All Canvas covers shall be colored to match adjacent ship paint.

Raised characters, such as ships names and draft marks, shall be retained and painted the same color as the hull in that vicinity.  Distinguishing numbers to designate the ship to friendly aircraft may be painted as heretofore on tops of turrets or as prescribed by the Commanders-in-Chief of the Fleets.  Provision should be made to make them invisible except when identification is desired.  On aircraft carriers deck markings shall be discontinuous and as narrow as will serve the purpose in order that they may not be used by enemy bombers to estimate the vessel's course.


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